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All About Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Oct 09, 2013

All About Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a group of symptoms that affect a person's ability to concentrate or focus. It is a biological, brain-based condition characterized by poor attention span, hyperactivity, and distractibility. It is also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD. Approximately two million children have been diagnosed with this disorder in the United States. It begins in childhood but often lasts into adulthood.

Symptoms

Inattention and distractibility are two of the most recognizable symptoms of ADD. Hyperactive behavior and an inability to sit still are also symptoms of ADD. Children with ADD often act impulsively without thinking of the consequences of their actions. They are continually interrupting others and jumping from one thing to another.

  • Help Guide offers information on the signs and symptoms of adult ADD, including a list of myths that commonly surround this disorder. They also offer information on children with ADD.
  • Detailed symptoms of ADD are explained at Psych Central.
  • WebMD lists three different types of ADD and their symptoms.

Causes

No one knows for sure what causes ADD. There have been many theories, including head injury - but not everyone who has a head injury develops ADD, and not everyone with ADD has had a head trauma. Likewise, not every child raised in a dysfunctional environment develops ADD, although some do.

The following sources explore some of the possible causes of ADD:

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of ADD may bring many emotions, including a sense of fear, anger, and denial. For many parents, there is worry about their child being misdiagnosed.

Management

There is no cure for ADD, but there are many treatment options, both medicinal and non-medicinal. 'Some respond to medication, others to behavioral intervention, and others to a combination of the two.

  • ADHD treatment includes not only medication and behavioral intervention, but parent training, social skills training, counseling, and support groups.
  • Medical training learn how to treat this disease and care for those with ADD by taking a certified nursing class.
  • Medications used in treatment of ADD are usually stimulants. Many parents are concerned about side effects.
  • Many parents prefer to use a behavioral approach.
  • Alternative treatments include diet therapy, music therapy, and massage.

Prognosis

When diagnosed early and treated properly, ADD can be managed. Undiagnosed or untreated it can lead to a lifetime of frustration and difficulties.

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